When Muslims hear the True Gospel, they typically counter that Islam considers Jesus - "Isa" in Arabic - to have been a prophet, but also nothing more than a prophet.
Isa is indeed a very important prophet in Islam. Quran mentions Isa in 93 ayat ("verses"); only Adam, Noah and Moses are mentioned more often. The Quran also says that Isa is a prophet who performed miracles, something that Muhammad could not perform (see Jesus vs. Muhammad).
To determine whether Isa was just a prophet or more than a prophet, first recognize that Isa - Jesus - actually claimed to be God:
"Then as He entered a certain village, there met Him ten men who were lepers, who stood afar off. And they lifted up their voices and said, “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!” So when He saw them, He said to them, “Go, show yourselves to the priests.” And so it was that as they went, they were cleansed. And one of them, when he saw that he was healed, returned, and with a loud voice glorified God, and fell down on his face at His feet, giving Him thanks. And he was a Samaritan. So Jesus answered and said, “Were there not ten cleansed? But where are the nine? Were there not any found who returned to give glory to God except this foreigner?” (Luke 17:12-18)
Then Moses said to God, “Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they say to me, ‘What is His name?’ what shall I say to them?” And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’” (Exodus 3:13-14)
Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM. Then they took up stones to throw at Him; but Jesus hid Himself and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.” (John 8:58)
The fact that Jesus was claiming to be God with the words, "I AM" is confirmed by the reaction of His persecutors who immediately tried to stone Him to death for what they mistook as blasphemy.
Next, draw a logic tree (above) and show that if Jesus' claim was false and he knew it was false, then He would have been a "LIAR." If it was false and He didn't know it was false, He would have been a "LUNATIC." But if it was true, then He is God - "LORD."
The one thing Jesus couldn't have been is a prophet since a prophet cannot make a statement about Himself that is false. Of course, if Jesus was telling the truth in this case, the He is God, not just a prophet.
Allow the listener to wrestle with the diagram above until they concede that logically, Jesus could not have been a prophet if the Bible passages quoted above are true.
Related: Why Islam is not the Religion of Peace.
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